But to deal more holistically with bias woven deep in the social fabric, Vicki Shabo, director of work and family programs at National Partnership for Women and Families, says that solutions must tackle inequality in its social, legal, and cultural dimensions. Social-welfare reforms help, she says, but in the long run, “closing the wage gap entirely really will take a change in the public policy landscape on multiple fronts as well as changes in cultural norms and practices.”
"It is unacceptable that the wage gap has persisted, punishing the country's women and families for decades," wrote Debra L. Ness, president of the National Partnership, in a press release. "At a time when women's wages are so critical to the economic well-being of families, the country is counting on lawmakers to work together to advance strong, fair and family friendly workplace policies that would promote equal pay."
The solution to the as-of-now uneven coverage of workers, say advocates, is paid leave laws like those passed recently in New York state and San Francisco. "Ultimately, we need public policies," said Vicki Shabo, the paid leave expert at the National Partnership for Women & Families. "If you're offering very good benefits to high-wage workers, but it's up to each company, you're creating an even bigger chasm of income equality."
"I'm optimistic that in not too long the U.S. will join the rest of the world," said Vicki Shabo, vice president of the National Partnership for Women and Families. "We are the only high-wealth developed country that doesn't guarantee paid paternity leave, and one of two that doesn't offer sick leave to workers. Of the whole world, we're one of two countries -- us and Papua New Guinea -- that don't guarantee paid leave for new moms." Shabo cited a survey of 185 nations by the International Labour Organization.
Vicki Shabo, vice-president of the National Partnership for Women and Families, said the San Francisco measure could help boost momentum at the national level. “It’s great to see local leaders stepping up,” she said, noting that California’s first-of-its-kind law served as a model for other states. “There’s a growing consensus that the nation must do something to address this.”
"This is history in the making," said Debra Ness, president of the National Partnership for Women & Families, who estimated that 6.4 million workers in the state who are currently without an employee-sponsored paid family leave benefit.
A report from Women Employed estimated 460,000 private-sector workers in Chicago don't have access to paid sick days. Another report, from the National Partnership for Women & Families, put the number at 2.1 million people in Illinois.
Consumer advocates like Debra L. Ness, the president of the National Partnership for Women and Families, see Dr. Conway as a kindred spirit who understands what is important to patients. “He has the experience of being a clinician, a direct provider of health care services, but also has an incredible grasp of the administrative and policy aspects of health care,” Ms. Ness said.
The National Partnership for Women and Families was very interested in our research as it relates to their“Bad Medicine”project that examines other areas of medicine where politicians have inserted themselves into the patient-doctor relationship.
"Military families make enormous sacrifices to keep our country safe, and they need and deserve policies that make it possible to remain economically secure when they need time off to care for their families,” added Debra L. Ness, president of the National Partnership for Women and Families.
Two months before, the National Partnership for Women and Families compiled a summary of legislative action on paid sick days at the state and local levels.
One way to design workplaces that champion equality without further stigmatizing women's bodies is to create policies that have universal applications, says Vicki Shabo, vice president of the National Partnership for Women & Families, a nonprofit advocacy organization.
We spoke to GetMyHealthData project coordinator Erin Mackay about how taking ownership of digital health records can help patients have more informed discussions with doctors, and empower those patients to be more involved in their treatment plan.
More than 70 percent of the abortion restrictions introduced in state legislatures so far this year are based on false information, according to a new report from the National Partnership for Women & Families.
It’s this model that advocacy organizations tend to favor. "Tax credits in our view fall short," Vicki Shabo, Vice President at the National Partnership for Women & Families, tells Fast Company, "because they are entirely dependent on the employer...and there’s no evidence that they change or incentivize employer behaviors . . . [so] you end up perpetuating the inequality that already exists in terms of access to paid leave."
Some states now give paid time off, including California and New Jersey, according to the National Partnership for Women & Families, a nonpartisan organization. "Everybody, no matter who they work for, what job they have, or what their circumstance, needs access to paid leave," said Vicki Shabo of the National Partnership for Women & Families.
And pregnancy discrimination charges are increasing, with the number of allegations rising by about one-third during the past decade, according to the National Partnership for Women & Families.
Consumer advocate Carol Sakala, director of childbirth connection programs at the National Partnership for Women & Families, agreed that standard measures will help consumers make comparisons and new measures are needed to address gaps in quality reporting. She called the collaborative a good start and said measure development must continue. More work must be done to fill gaps such as measures of care coordination, shared decisions between patients and doctors, and performance on outcomes reported by patients themselves, Sakala said.
In the last 50 years, the number of cesarean births have multiplied by seven, according to Childbirth Connection. In 1965 the C-section birth rate was 4.5 percent. In 2014, 32.2 percent of births were C-sections, making it one of the most common procedures in American operating rooms, according to Childbirth Connection.
That's why the National Partnership for Women & Families, the advocacy organization that authored the original FMLA law, as well as other groups, has continually worked to improve and expand it.
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