National Partnership for Women & Families

Map: Paid Leave and Paid Sick Days Laws are Helping More Than 41 Million People Better Care and Provide for Their Families

LAST UPDATED: October 2017

Advocates and working people across the country have been winning workplace protections that enable people to take time away from their jobs to recover from and seek care for illnesses, and to care for new children and aging or ill loved ones.

Forty jurisdictions — including eight states, 30 cities and two counties — have or will soon have paid sick days laws in effect, and five states and the District of Columbia have enacted paid family and medical leave laws. In total, more than 41 million people are legally protected by either paid leave or paid sick days laws, or both:

  • Nearly 30 million workers are covered by paid family leave laws;
  • 33.5 million are covered by paid sick days laws; and
  • More than 21 million workers are covered by both.

Total number of private sector workers who are covered by earned sick days, paid family leave insurance or temporary disability insurance laws, by state and locality:

Orange shading represents existing legislation. Orange shading represents states with paid leave laws.
Bright Red Box Bright red shading represents states with paid sick days laws.
Brick Red Box Dark red shading represents states with both paid leave and paid sick days laws.
Bullseye Bullseye icon indicates localities with paid sick days laws.



But many still suffer without the economic protections provided by laws guaranteeing sick days and paid family and medical leave.


Nearly 80 million private sector workers are still without protections

Nearly 80 million private sector workers are still without protections


Sources

Except where noted below, National Partnership estimates of the number of private sector workers covered by paid sick days and paid leave laws are calculated using U.S. Census Bureau. (2016). American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates 2015, Geographies: United States, Table DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics.

  • Five-year estimates are used for the following localities due to smaller population sizes: Emeryville, Calif.; and Irvington, Montclair, Bloomfield, New Brunswick, Plainfield and Morristown, N.J.
  • Connecticut’s paid sick day law covers workers employed in one of the 68 enumerated service occupations estimated by U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. (2017, March 31). May 2016 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates: Connecticut.

Notes

The following laws are not yet in effect:

  • Paid sick days: Washington state’s and Rhode Island’s paid sick days laws take effect in 2018. Pittsburgh's ordinance was ruled invalid by the Pennsylvania Commonwealth Court on May 17, 2017, and its implementation is indefinitely on hold pending appeal and rulings from the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania.
  • Paid family leave: New York’s paid leave law takes effect in 2018 and the District of Columbia’s and Washington state’s laws take effect in 2020.
  Please leave this field empty