National Partnership for Women & Families

Map: More Than 33 Million Americans Can Better Care and Provide for Their Families When Family and Medical Needs Arise

LAST UPDATED: July 2016

Total number of private sector workers1 covered by earned sick days, paid family leave insurance or temporary disability insurance laws, by state and city:

But many still suffer without the economic protections provided by laws guaranteeing sick days and family and medical leave.

paid sick days PSD paid family medical leave PFML

Sources

California2

  • National Partnership analysis of the access to earned sick days percentages calculated by IWPR 2014 and U.S. Census Bureau. (2015). American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates 2014, Geographies: United States, Table DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics. Note: Laws in both San Diego and Los Angeles take effect in July 2016.

Connecticut

  • National Partnership analysis of workers employed in one of the 68 enumerated service occupations estimated by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. (2016, March). May 2015 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates: Connecticut.

District of Columbia

  • National Partnership analysis of access to earned sick days percentages calculated by IWPR (2013); Kamen, M. (2013, April. Personal communication. Community Organizer, Jews United for Justice); and the U.S. Census Bureau (2015. American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates 2014, Geographies: United States, Table DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics).

Hawaii2

  • National Partnership analysis of private sector workforce data from the U.S. Census Bureau (2015. American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates 2014, Geographies: United States, Table DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics) and the total number of exempt in-home workers in Hawaii estimated by EPI (2013).

Illinois

  • National Partnership analysis of access to earned sick days as reported by IWPR 2014 and U.S. Census Bureau. (2015). American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates 2014, Geographies: United States, Table DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics. Note: Chicago’s law takes effect July 2017.

Maryland

  • Montgomery County: National Partnership analysis of access to earned sick days as reported by IWPR (2015) and the U.S. Census Bureau (2015. American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates 2014, Geographies: United States, Table DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics). Note: Montgomery County’s earned sick days law takes effect October 2016.

Massachusetts

  • National Partnership analysis of access to earned sick days percentages calculated by IWPR (2012), impact number reported by The Boston Globe and the U.S. Census Bureau (2015. American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates 2014, Geographies: United States, Table DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics).

Minnesota2

  • Minneapolis: National Partnership analysis of access to earned sick days as reported by IWPR 2015, (a href="http://www.minneapolismn.gov/www/groups/public/@health/documents/webcontent/wcms1p-147676.pdf" target="_blank">Minneapolis Health Department 2015 and U.S. Census Bureau. (2015). American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates 2014, Geographies: United States, Table DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics. Note: Minneapolis’ earned sick days law takes effect July 2017.

New Jersey2

  • National Partnership analysis of access to earned sick days reported by NJ.com, the City of Newark, the Center for Women and Work at Rutgers and U.S. Census Bureau (2015). American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates 2014, Geographies: United States, Table DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics. For smaller localities including Irvington, Montclair, Bloomfield, New Brunswick and Plainfield, these figures are based on ACS 2014 5-year estimates. Note: Plainfield’s earned sick days law took effect in July 2016.

New York

  • National Partnership analysis of access to earned sick days percentage for New York City calculated by IWPR (2012), Bureau of Labor Statistics (2015). Occupational Employment Statistics, May 2014 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (New York) and U.S. Census Bureau. (2015). American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates 2014, Geographies: United States, Table DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics. Note: New York’s state paid family leave insurance program takes effect January 2018.

Oregon

  • National Partnership analysis of access to earned sick days in Eugene and Portland percentages calculated by IWPR (December 2013) and IWPR (March 2013), respectively; impact number reported by Family Forward Oregon; the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (2015. Occupational Employment Statistics, May 2014 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (Oregon)); and the U.S. Census Bureau (2015. American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates 2014, Geographies: United States, Table DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics).

Pennsylvania

  • Philadelphia: National Partnership analysis of access to earned sick days as reported by the Philadelphia Mayor’s Task Force on Paid Sick Leave and the U.S. Census Bureau (2015. American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates 2014, Geographies: United States, Table DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics). Estimate excludes approximately 15,000 adjunct faculty members not covered by the law.
  • Pittsburgh: National Partnership analysis of access to earned sick days as reported by the Women’s Law Project and U.S. Census Bureau. (2015). American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates 2014, Geographies: United States, Table DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics. Note: Pittsburgh's ordinance was ruled invalid by an Allegheny County judge on December 21, 2015. Its implementation is on hold, pending appeal and rulings from higher state courts.

Rhode Island

  • National Partnership analysis of data from the U.S. Census Bureau (2015. American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates 2014, Geographies: United States, Table DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics).

Vermont

  • National Partnership analysis of the access to earned sick days percentages calculated by IWPR 2015 and U.S. Census Bureau. (2015). American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates 2014, Geographies: United States, Table DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics. Note: Vermont’s earned sick days law takes effect January 2017 for large businesses (six or more employees) and January 2018 for small businesses (1-5 employees).

Washington

  • Seattle: National Partnership analysis of access to earned sick days as reported by the Seattle Coalition for a Healthy Workforce; Go Hollo, T. (2013, March. Personal communication. Senior Policy Associate, Economic Opportunity Institute); and the U.S. Census Bureau (2015. American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates 2014, Geographies: United States, Table DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics).
  • Spokane: National Partnership analysis of access to earned sick days as reported by Spokane Regional Health District and U.S. Census Bureau. (2015). American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates 2014, Geographies: United States, Table DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics. Note: Tacoma’s earned sick days law takes effect January 2017.
  • Tacoma: National Partnership analysis of access to earned sick days as reported by Healthy Tacoma and the U.S. Census Bureau (2015. American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates 2014, Geographies: United States, Table DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics).
  1. 1 “Private sector workers” includes only private wage and salary workers and does not include government workers, self-employed workers or unpaid family workers.
  2. 2 The number of workers eligible for TDI and PFL reported here are reduced in any given week by the number of individuals currently receiving unemployment insurance (UI) benefits. Individuals are not eligible to receive both UI and TDI/PFL in the same week.
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