National Partnership for Women & Families

Map: Paid Leave and Paid Sick Days Laws Are Helping More Than 49 Million People Better Care and Provide for Their Families

LAST UPDATED: October 2018

Advocates and working people across the country have been winning workplace protections that enable people to take time away from their jobs to recover from and seek care for illnesses, and to care for new children and aging or ill loved ones.

Eleven states, the District of Columbia and 21 other jurisdictions have or will soon have paid sick days laws in effect, and six states and the District of Columbia have enacted paid family and medical leave laws. In total, 49 million people in the private sector workforce are legally protected by either paid leave or paid sick days laws, or both:

  • 33 million workers are covered by paid family leave laws;
  • 44.7 million are covered by paid sick days laws; and
  • More than 28 million workers are covered by both.

Use the map and interactive chart below to explore how many private sector workers are covered by paid family and medical leave and paid sick days laws in each state and locality that has passed these important protections.

Despite tremendous progress in recent years, nearly 80 million private sector workers still lack the economic protections provided by laws guaranteeing sick days or paid family and medical leave.


Except where noted below, National Partnership estimates of the number of private sector workers covered by paid sick days and paid leave laws are calculated using U.S. Census Bureau. (2018). American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates 2017, Geographies: United States, Table DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics.

  • Five-year estimates are used for Emeryville, Calif., due to small population size.
  • Connecticut’s paid sick day law covers workers employed in one of the 68 enumerated service occupations estimated by U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. (2018, March 31). May 2017 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates: Connecticut.


The following laws are not yet in effect:

  • Paid sick days: Laws in Michigan, San Antonio and Westchester County take effect in 2019 and Duluth’s law takes effect in 2020.
  • Paid family and medical leave: Programs in the District of Columbia and Washington state are expected to be in place in 2020, and Massachusetts’ program is expected to be in place in 2021.

* The following laws are not included in estimates of total covered workers because pending litigation has halted their implementation: Pittsburgh's ordinance was ruled invalid by the Pennsylvania Commonwealth Court on May 17, 2017, and its implementation is indefinitely on hold pending appeal and rulings from the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania. Austin’s ordinance was enjoined by the Texas Third Court of Appeals on August 17, 2018, pending an appeals court review.

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